System Administration Guide
Using InterSystems IRIS on Windows
Managing an InterSystems IRIS™ instance on the Microsoft Windows platform is straightforward. You can perform most tasks using the Management Portal and the InterSystems IRIS launcher. You can also control an InterSystems IRIS instance from a command prompt. This chapter discusses the following topics:
use Windows file compression on InterSystems IRIS IRIS.DAT
database files. (Files are compressed by right-clicking a file or folder in Windows Explorer and selecting Properties
, then Advanced
, then Compress contents to save disk space
; once compressed a folder name or filename is rendered in blue in WIndows Explorer.) If you compress a IRIS.DAT
file, the instance to which it belongs will fail to start, with misleading errors.
The primary InterSystems IRIS interface on Microsoft Windows platforms is the InterSystems IRIS launcher. From the InterSystems IRIS launcher, you can start all of the InterSystems IRIS configuration and management tools. You can also invoke each Launcher command from a shortcut or command line.
Correspondingly, you can initiate many of the InterSystems IRIS tools from the Windows program menu by pointing to
folder and then to the Start InterSystems IRIS
for the appropriate InterSystems IRIS instance name.
When you start InterSystems IRIS on a Windows-based system, the InterSystems IRIS launcher
appears in the system tray of the taskbar.
When you click the InterSystems IRIS launcher, a menu appears with commands to use the ObjectScript utilities and programming environments.
The following table describes the commands available from the InterSystems IRIS launcher menu.
|InterSystems IRIS launcher Command
||Displays links to tutorials, release notes, documentation, and other related information.
|Start InterSystems IRIS
Starts the default instance specified in the square brackets after the menu item, for example [ii2081]
. If the InterSystems IRIS server is already started, this option appears dimmedit is unavailable.
||Shuts down or restarts the local InterSystems IRIS instance. If the InterSystems IRIS server is stopped, this option appears dimmedit is unavailable.
||Creates, edits, deletes, and compiles InterSystems IRIS class definitions and routines. See Using Studio for more information.
||Invokes the command line interpreter for InterSystems IRIS. See the Using Terminal guide for more information.
||Performs common system management tasks. Creates databases and namespaces, and adjusts all InterSystems IRIS configuration settings. Displays classes, globals, and routines, and functions for managing each. Displays tables and views, perform queries and SQL management functions. See the “Using the Management Portal” chapter for more information.
||Displays InterSystems IRIS online documentation.
|Preferred Server [server name]
||Shows a list of remote servers and maintains server connections by using the Add/Edit command on the submenu. The preferred server appears in brackets and has a check mark next to it in the server list. See the Define a Remote Server Connection section of the “Connecting to Remote Servers” chapter for more information.
||Displays InterSystems IRIS version and build information.
||Removes the InterSystems IRIS launcher icon from the system tray; this does not stop InterSystems IRIS.
To start InterSystems IRIS, run the startup procedure at the system level. This procedure runs using either the default configuration file or a configuration file you specify.
To start InterSystems IRIS on the Windows platform, select Start InterSystems IRIS
from the InterSystems IRIS launcher. This starts the InterSystems IRIS instance using the specified configuration file. When InterSystems IRIS is not running, the InterSystems IRIS launcher
icon appears dimmed.
If the InterSystems IRIS launcher is not in the system tray, from the Windows program menu select the
folder and Start InterSystems IRIS
for that instance. To return the Launcher to the system tray, go to the install-dir/bin
directory and double-click the iristray.exe
Alternatively, you can enter these commands from the install-dir/bin
directory in the Open
box of the Run
command on the Start
menu. For example, to start the instance named ii2018
from the MyIris/bin
directory, enter the following command and click OK
c:\myiinstall\bin\iris start iris
Normally you leave your InterSystems IRIS system running. However, if your operating system requires a restart, stop InterSystems IRIS before you shut down your system. The maintenance tasks, such as backups and database repair utilities, do not require you to stop InterSystems IRIS.
From the InterSystems IRIS launcher menu click Stop InterSystems
to shut down or restart the local InterSystems IRIS instance. By default, this option shuts down (or restarts) InterSystems IRIS immediately, using the default shutdown routine. However, it also provides options for setting a timer for a delayed shutdown, for running a user-defined shutdown routine, for broadcasting a warning message to users on the server, and for shutting down without failing over. You can run this same process from the Windows progam menu. Select the
folder and Stop InterSystems IRIS
for that instance name. You cannot cancel a shutdown once the countdown reaches 0 and the shutdown procedures have started.
InterSystems recommends that you run Stop InterSystems IRIS
to shut down InterSystems IRIS to ensure that it closes properly.
Remove Stop InterSystems Command
To prevent unintentional execution of the Stop InterSystems
command, you can remove the command from the InterSystems IRIS launcher by deleting the irisstop.exe
file from the install-dir/bin
directory of the corresponding InterSystems IRIS instance. You can also remove the Stop InterSystems
shortcut from the appropriate InterSystems IRIS instance from the Start
menu. Point to
and the InterSystems IRIS instance name, then right-click Stop InterSystems
and click Delete
You can temporarily remove the Launcher from the system tray; this only affects the Launcher and not InterSystems IRIS as a whole.
If you click on the Launcher in the system try and choose Exit
, the Launcher stops and its icon no longer appear in the system tray. The Launcher reappears when the system is rebooted or you start InterSystems IRIS from the Start menu (see Starting InterSystems IRIS
in this chapter).
To display the most current help information for this command, invoke iris help
from the InterSystems IRIS install-dir\bin
directory. For example:
Content Date/Time: 2019-05-21 11:15:03