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$ZEXP (ObjectScript)

Returns the exponential function of the given argument (inverse of natural logarithm) — the number e to the given power.




Argument Description
n A number of any type. A number larger than 335.6 results in a <MAXNUMBER> error. A number smaller than -295.4 returns 0.


$ZEXP is the exponential function en, where e is the constant 2.718281828. Therefore, to return the value of e, you can specify $ZEXP(1). $ZEXP is the inverse of the natural logarithm function $ZLN.



Any number. It can be specified as a value, a variable, or an expression. A positive value larger than 335.6 or smaller than -4944763837 results in a <MAXNUMBER> error. A negative value smaller than -295.4 returns 0. A value of zero (0) returns 1.

A non-numeric string is evaluated as 0 and therefore returns 1. For evaluation of mixed numeric strings and non-numeric strings, refer to Strings As Numbers.


The following example demonstrates that $ZEXP is the inverse of $ZLN:

  SET x=7
  WRITE $ZEXP(x),!
  WRITE $ZLN(x),!

The following example returns $ZEXP for negative and positive integers and for zero. This example returns the constant e as $ZEXP(1):

   FOR x=-3:1:3 {
     WRITE !,"The exponential of ",x," = ",$ZEXP(x) 


The exponential of -3 = .04978706836786394297
The exponential of -2 = .1353352832366126919
The exponential of -1 = .3678794411714423216
The exponential of 0 = 1
The exponential of 1 = 2.718281828459045236
The exponential of 2 = 7.389056098930650228
The exponential of 3 = 20.08553692318766774

The following example uses IEEE floating point numbers ($DOUBLE numbers). The first $ZEXP returns a numeric value, the second $ZEXP returns “INF” (or <MAXNUMBER> depending on the IEEEError()Opens in a new tab method setting):

   SET rtn=##class(%SYSTEM.Process).IEEEError(0)
   WRITE $ZEXP($DOUBLE(1.0E2)),!

The following example demonstrates that the empty string or a nonnumeric value is treated as 0:

   WRITE $ZEXP(""),!

both return 1.

See Also

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